Last edited by Nelmaran
Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants found in the catalog.

Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants

Robert L. Brown

Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants

by Robert L. Brown

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  • 25 Currently reading

Published by Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sand dunes.,
  • Soil-binding plants.,
  • Woody plants -- Pacific Coast (U.S.),
  • Soil stabilization -- Pacific Coast (U.S.)

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 17.

    Statement[by Robert L. Brown and A.L. Hafenrichter].
    SeriesMiscellaneous publication / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 892, Miscellaneous publication (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 892.
    ContributionsHafenrichter, A. L. b. 1897.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination18 p. :
    Number of Pages18
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23004361M

    The dunes of Episode I, the inner and older, are at present stabilized, except for small areas still active, by forest in the extreme north and by the “dune shrub community” on the remainder of the coast. The dunes of Episode II, active and with little vegetation, extend to . Coastal species in stabilized dunes. have an impact on the evolution of the traits of plants occupying sand-dune ecosystem (Maun ). had begun a long-term study of Pacific coast strand.

      Human settlements along the coast have affected sand dune environments, primarily through the establishment of coconut plantations in the Caribbean and the use of fire to manage vegetation. Other areas have been cut for wood or for conversion to grasslands. There is not much original vegetation left, especially in stabilized areas. STABILIZATION OF SAND DUNES climate of West Coast dunes can be found in Cooper,2 Crook,3 Recken-dorf,4 Ternyik,5 and Woodhouse.6 The greatest amount of sand movement along the West Coast, partic-ularly on the North Pacific Coast, takes place during the high-velocity wind storms in winter. During these storms, sand engulfs the vegetation near.

    Sand dunes occur widely around the coastline of the UK, with particularly extensive areas in the Hebrides and fewer along the south coast. What to look for Typically, dune systems made of lime-rich shell sand promote the widest range of plants. Sand dunes occur in 33 localities along the km of North American Pacific coast between the Straits of Juan de Fuca (49/sup 0/N) and Cape Mendocino (40/sup 0/). The dune landscape is a mosaic of dune forms: transverse ridge, oblique dune, retention ridge, foredune, parabola dune, sand hummock, blowout, sand plain, deflation plain, dune ridge.


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Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants by Robert L. Brown Download PDF EPUB FB2

Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants. [Robert L Brown; A L Hafenrichter] -- Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetation has proved to be the most effective and efficient means of stabilizing coastal sand dunes.

The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America. Genre/Form: book: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Brown, Robert L., Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants. Washington, D.C. Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants / Related Titles.

Series: Miscellaneous publication / United States Department of Agriculture ; no. Brown, Robert L., Hafenrichter, A. (Atlee Lawrence), Type. Book. Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants by Brown, Robert L., ; Hafenrichter, A. (Atlee Lawrence), Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants / By Robert L.

Brown and A. (Atlee Lawrence) Hafenrichter. Abstract. no Topics: Pacific Coast (U.S.), Sand dunes, Soil stabilization Soil-binding plants. Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetation has proved to be the most effective and efficient means of stabilizing coastal sand dunes.

The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America are the result of accelerated erosion caused primarily by the destruction of a cover of native vegetation.

In some areas the climax cover was herbaceous, in others it was woody, and in still others it was a combination of herbaceous. Abstract. Coastal dunes are stabilized in three stages: (1) The initial stage uses sand-stilling grasses established vegetatively.

For this purpose, European beachgrass,Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link., is most used, followed by American beachgrass,A. breviligulata Fern., or American dunegrass,Elymus mollis Trin. Large solid plantings must be made with the spacing and number of plants per hill.

The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America are the result of accelerated erosion caused primarily by the destruction of a cover of native vegetation. In some areas the climax cover was herbaceous, in others it was woody, and in still others it was a combination of herbaceous.

Category: Sand dunes; Page: 18; View: ; DOWNLOAD NOW» Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetation has proved to be the most effective and efficient means of stabilizing coastal sand dunes. The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America are the result of accelerated erosion caused primarily by the destruction of a cover of.

On the Oregon coast, hairy manzanita is common on stabilized sand dunes, where it mingles with shore pine (Pinus contorta), evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), and salal (Gaultheria shallon). Further inland, it appears sporadically in disturbed and exposed areas of the Coast Range and foothills of the Cascades, and even as far east as the.

Woody plants have been used for dune stabilization on the Pacific coast in North America. McLaren () discussed the use of trees with intensive culture for dune control and recreational use on the south Pacific coast.

Kellogg () described the trees that were adapted for timber production on the coastal dunes of southern Oregon. Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants / By Robert L.

Brown and A. (Atlee Lawrence) Hafenrichter. Topics: Pacific Coast (U.S.), Sand dunes, Woody plants. Skeleton Coast Climate and Water Sources. The Namib Desert is one of the driest places on Earth, with an average annual precipitation of about 2 cm along the Skeleton some years, it does not rain at all.

There are only two other coastal deserts in the world with a similar climate: the Atacama Desert on the Pacific Coast of Peru and Northern Chile, and the Sonoran Desert in Baja. BROWN, R. and HAFENRICHTER, A. (): Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific Coast with woody plants.

Misc. Pub.Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Google Scholar. Although this book is written with the Pacific Crest Trail thru-hiker in mind, the principles are largely similar.

If you own Appalachian Trials do not buy this percent of the proceeds of your purchase of Pacific Crest Trials will go to the Pacific Crest Trail Association, the non-profit that oversees and protects the Pacific Crest Trail. Subjects: AgSpace browse plants conservation plants erosion control ground cover plants Internet resource Pasture plants Soil conservation Soil-binding plants Wildlife management Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants /.

Dieout of Ammophila breviligulata— death of the major dune-stabilizing plants — has been observed along the north and mid-Atlantic coast of the United States for the past decade and a half.

The major function of tree and shrub vegetation on sand dunes is still the permanent solid structural stabilization. All of trees and shrubs of the sand dunes produce viable seed, but intentional establishment occurs using bare- rooted or potted seedlings.

Most parts of the sand sheet are a base-level plain with very little relief. Other parts, particularly those closer to the coast, are covered in active or stabilized dunes oriented along a northwest-southeast axis. Relief is greatest in Kenedy County, where some dunes. Many types of sand dunes sand spits, which make upacres of the Pacific Northwest coast, provide exceptional recreational op- portunities as well as rich habitat ar- eas for wildlife.

Of the total dune area, ab acres are dunes with essentially no vegetation; and of these, nearly 5, acres are "ac. As sand accumulates, plants adapted to the beach environment emerge, stabilizing the surface and promoting further dune formation.

In the absence of stabilizing vegetation, blowing sand may drift into large "live" dunes that move back and forth with the wind, such as Jockey's Ridge near Kill Devil Hills.The most effective method of stabilizing coastal dunes is through the use of vegetation (Woodhouse, ).

In many cases, vegetation is the least expensive, most durable, most aesthetically pleasing, and only self-repairing technique available (Woodhouse, ). Dune plants are especially effective at stopping and holding wind-borne sand.Foredune flora.

Plants that thrive on the foredune must be tolerant to salt spray, strong winds, and burial by blowing/accumulating l vegetation includes Ammophila arenaria, Honckenya peploides, Cakile maritima, and Spartina coarctata.

Backdune flora. Plants which thrive on the broad dune plain and backdune grow together into dense patches termed dune mats that hold the dune together.